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UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Essay – Types, Writing Styles and Characteristics

Civil Services Mains Exam Essay

Civil Services Mains Exam Essay

The UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam Essay Paper is one of the most essential papers in the UPSC Exam. Candidates will have to write two essays, each with a word count of 1000 – 1200 or as per the latest requirement.

Candidates can select one out of four options. Each essay comprises of 125 marks with a total of 250 marks. Candidates need to prepare well for this exam, and they should start practising for this exam after analyzing the pattern from the previous year papers.

The correct choice of topic and the appropriate method of writing are essential. Candidates are often advised to choose factual topics where they can pack in a lot of information. Try to avoid controversial topics.

Essay Types

Note: In the mains essay paper, a combination of all these types and styles are generally required. The writers should aim to define the type of essay used in the final draft.

Essay Writing Styles

For the UPSC Civil Services Exams, it is recommended to use the structured style. It is important for candidates to collect their thoughts and organize points which they will be covering in the final essay beforehand. As a writer or a well-prepared candidate, aspirants have to figure out which style suits them more. This can be done by practicing essays in mock tests.

Essay Structure

Method of Writing

  1. Start brainstorming.
  2. Write down all the ideas and data have gathered about the issue.
  3. Do not classify or systematize main points at the beginning.
  4. Start by putting them on paper randomly as they flow in.
  5. Later, arrange the ideas logically and sequentially.
  6. After creating the sequence, start writing, and giving due care to the introduction, the body and finally, the conclusion.
  7. Ensure there is enough time for revision.

Good Characteristics of Civil Services Mains Exam Essay

Other Essential Points


In the end, remember that good writing does not happen by accident. We recommend candidates to practice writing essays surrounding the UPSC Civil Services Exam.

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