Indian Police Service (IPS) – Exam, Role & Responsibilities, Cadre Allocation and Training

Indian Police Service (IPS) – Exam, Role & Responsibilities, Cadre Allocation and Training

The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three major All India Services established under the Constitution of India. The elite Indian Police Service officers are high ranked personnel who offer leadership to Police forces both at the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and in the State police machinery.

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Being an All India Service, IPS officers in India carry a lot of responsibilities. The Police Division under Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for policy decisions and cadre management such as cadre structure, recruitment, training, cadre allocation, empanelment, deputation, confirmation, pay and allowances, disciplinary matters of IPS Officers.

In 1948, the British Era Indian(Imperial) Police were replaced The Indian Police Service (IPS) in its modern form came into being. Indian Police Service officers are trained at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in Hyderabad.

Indian Police Service (IPS) Exam

IPS (Indian Police Service) exam has two recruitment modes:

  1. Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
    Promotion of State Police Service Officers.
  2. For a short period, for the recruitment of IPS, there was the provision of a Limited Competitive Examination (LCE). However, in 2018, to scrap this mode of recruitment of Indian Police Service officers, the Supreme Court of India upheld the Centre’s decision.
    UPSC Civil Services Exam conducted every year for which almost 5-8 lakh aspirants appear, candidates who take the exam will be appointed as Indian Police Service (IPS) depending upon the rank they score in the exam, their hard work and self-determination.

The UPSC CSE 2021 (IPS Exam) will be held in three stages:

  1. Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam
  2. Civil Services (Main) Exam
  3. UPSC Personality Test

The candidates who are applying for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) should meet all the eligibility criteria to become an Indian Police Officer in India:

Nationality for the Indian Administrative Service(IAS), the Indian Foreign Service(IFS) and the Indian Police Service(IPS) – candidate must be a citizen of India.

Educational Qualification-

Minimum qualification for UPSC exam: The ideal candidate must hold a Bachelor’s degree from Government recognized Universities or possess an equivalent qualification.

  • Candidates who are in their final years and yet to appear for the final exam or those who are waiting for the results are also eligible to appear for UPSC preliminary Examination. All such candidates must produce proof of having passed the said examination along with the application for the main examination.
  • IPS Physical Requirements: There are some physical criteria prescribed for the IPS officers. After the candidate clears the civil services final exam and gets allocated to the IPS as per his rank, he should go through some specified physical tests to make him/her eligible for service as a police officer. Some of the special physical requirements are mentioned below. They can also change as per UPSC official notifications.

Men

Women

A minimum height of 165 cmA minimum height of 150 cm
the minimum height is relaxable to 160cm( in the case, candidates belonging to ST and to races such as Gorkhas, Assamese, Garhwalias, Kumauni’s, Nagaland Tribal, etc.)The minimum height is 145 cm ( in the case, candidates belonging to ST and to races such as Gorkhas, Assamese, Garhwalias, Kumauni’s, Nagaland Tribal, etc.)
minimum chest girth fully expanded: 84 cm for menminimum chest girth fully expanded:79 cm for women
expansion of 5 cmexpansion of 5 cm
  • The total Myopia (including the cylinder) should not exceed -4.00 D, and the total Hypermetropia (including the cylinder) should not exceed +4.00 D. Presence of Squint is a disqualification.
  • The Distant vision (Corrected Vision) should be 6/6 or 6/9 and (Uncorrected Vision) should be 6/12 or 6/9 and near vision should be J1 and J2, respectively.
  • Spectacles are permitted and the requirement of High-grade colour vision
    and Binocular vision is needed.

UPSC Age Limit as per the Civil Services Age Limit, the candidate should be a minimum of 21 years old as on 1st August 2021 (for UPSC CSE 2021) and maximum 32 years as on 1st August 2020, i.e., he/she must have been born not earlier than 2nd August 1988 and not later than 1st August 1999.

Number of Attempts – 6 attempts for General category
In case of Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Candidates (SC/ST)-No Limits (Up to 37 Years)

For Other Backward Classes (OBC)-9 attempts (Up to 35 Years)
In case of Physically handicapped- 9 attempts for general and OBC, while for SC/ST no bar on no. of attempts.

Indian Police Service (IPS) – Roles and responsibilities

The Indian Police Service (IPS) comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

Roles and responsibilities of IPS officers are as follows:

  1. Handling Border responsibilities and duties
    • Border policing
    • Counter-terrorism
  2.  VIP security
  3. Railway policing
  4. Maintenance of public peace and order
    • Crime prevention
    • The investigation, collection of intelligence and detection
  5. Anti-smuggling and drug trafficking
  6. Tackle Economic Offence
    • Corruption in public life
  7. Disaster management
    • Biodiversity and enforcement of environmental laws etc.
  8. Higher-level posts in the Indian Intelligence Agencies(IIA)
    •  CBI
    •  IB
    •  R&AW
    • CID
  9. Implementation of socio-economic legislation
  10. Commanding and Leading the Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies
    • Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the union territories and states
    • CAPF – Central Armed Police Forces
      • CPO – Central Police Organization’s
      • CPF – Central Paramilitary Forces
        •  BSF
        •  NSG
        •  CISF
        •  ITBP
        • CRPF
  11. Interact and coordinate closely with
    • All India Services
    • The Indian Army and Armed Forces in general
  12. Serve as HoDs in policymaking
    • The Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments
    • Public sector undertakings (PSUs).

Indian Police Service Cadre Allocation

The allocation of cadre is done based on their rank, availability of vacancy and their preferences. The Indian Police Service(IPS) cadres are grouped into five zones:

Zone

Number of Cadres

IPS Cadres

I

7

  • AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram and UTs)
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Uttarakhand
  • Punjab
  • Rajasthan
  • Haryana

II

4

  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Jharkhand
  • Odisha

III

4

  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Chhattisgarh

IV

6

  • West Bengal
  • Sikkim
  • Assam-Meghalaya
  • Manipur
  • Tripura
  • Nagaland

V

5

  • Telangana
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Karnataka
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Kerala

Indian Police Service Training

For the IPS officers, the training or probationary period is of almost two years. The first part of the Course is of three months’ duration and is common to all the new UPSC CSE recruits. Training is done with the IAS at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Missouri. From Missouri, they all go for Bharat Darshan with other services in the groups.

Apart from the district training for Indian Police Service officers, there are different indoor and outdoor subjects:


Outdoor subjects


Marks Allotted
Drill (comprising of Ceremonial Drill and Sword Drill)

100

Drill (comprising of Ceremonial Drill and Sword Drill)

80

Equitation

40

Field Craft Tactics and Map Reading

200

First Aid and Ambulance Drill

20

Physical Fitness

80

Swimming

25

Unarmed Combat

30

Yoga

25

Indoor subjects

Marks Allotted

Police in Modern India

75

Indian Evidence Act, 1872

100

Indian Penal Code, 1860

100

Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973

100

Special Laws

50

Crime Prevention & Criminology

75

Investigation-I

75

Investigation -II

75

Forensic Medicine

50

Forensic Science (Theory & Practical)

75

Maintenance of Public Peace and Order

75

Internal Security

75

Police Leadership and Management

100

Ethics and Human Rights

75

Information & Communication Technology 

For more detailed information, please visits the official site –  https://www.upsc.gov.in/.

Summary/Overview

The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three major All India Services established under the Constitution of India. The elite Indian Police Service officers are high ranked personnel who offer leadership to Police forces both at the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) and in the State police machinery.

Essential points covered in this article

  • IPS Exam – Nature and definition
  • Eligibility criteria:
    • Qualification, Nationality, Physical Standards and, Medical tests, etc.
  • IPS exam syllabus
  •  Roles & Responsibilities
  • Training

P.S.:You can also create notes to remember all the critical aspects of the IPS Exam. You can also check the official UPSC IPS Exam notification with the help of below-mentioned link- https://www.upsc.gov.in/exams-related-info/exam-notification.

Related Links

TIP- Important books for IPS Exam

  • Ethics, Integrity & Aptitude by Ashok Kumar: Civil Services Main Examination Book with Solved Case Studies – by Ashok Kumar IPS
  • Internal Security – Conflicts, Challenges and Strategies – by IPS Lohit Matani

This post was last updated on September 28th, 2021 at 02:43 pm

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