The Gateway of India: British Heritage of Bombay


The Gateway of India is a curve landmark worked during the twentieth century in Bombay, India. The milestone was raised to honour the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Bunder on their visit to India in 1911. Inherent Indo-Saracenic style, the establishment stone for the Gateway of India was laid on March 31, 1911. The construction is a curve made of basalt; 26 meters (85 feet) high. The final plan of George Wittet was endorsed in 1914, and the development of the landmark was finished in 1924. The Gateway was subsequently utilized as emblematic stylized access to India for the Viceroys and the new Governors of Bombay. In addition, it served to permit passage and admittance to India.

The Gateway of India is situated on the waterfront at Apollo Bunder region toward the finish of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg in South Mumbai and disregards the Arabian Sea. The landmark has been alluded to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai and is the city’s top vacation spot.


The Gateway of India was worked to celebrate and respect the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to India for their formal announcement as Emperor and Empress of India at the Delhi Durbar in December 1911. The establishment stone for the landmark was laid by Sir George Sydenham Clarke, the Governor of Bombay, on March 31, 1911, at an unrefined breakwater utilized by the local fishing area. A cardboard model of the proposed structure was introduced to the Royal guests, and the final plan of Scottish modeller George Wittet was endorsed on March 31, 1914. Beginning work to recover land for building the Gateway and another ocean divider at the Apollo Bunder (English: port) was started in 1915. Following the culmination of land recovery in 1919, genuine development began and was finished in 1924. The proper initiation of the Gateway of India was completed by the Viceroy of India, Rufus Isaacs, Earl of Reading, on December 4, 1924. However, the methodology street to the Gateway was never worked because of the absence of assets.

The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel, found right close to the Gateway of India, was worked by Jamshedji Tata and took into account a demographic of British elites, European and Indian Maharajas.


Scottish draftsman George Wittet planned the Gateway of India. The development work was completed by Gammon India Limited, the central development organization in India, flaunting an ISO 9001: 1994 certify accreditation in all fields of structural designing around then. The design was worked with yellow basalt stones enmeshed with supported cement at the establishments. The stone was sourced locally. The punctured screens were brought from Gwalior. The design slices a point to the street, prompting it and stands looking out to the Mumbai Harbor from the tip of Apollo Bunder.

The construction is fundamentally a Triumphal Arch, fabricated transcendently in an Indo-Saracenic building style with some Muslim components joined. The British presented this style of engineering during their standard in India. In an interestingly energetic manner, it consolidates different Hindu and Muslim design parts with Gothic cusped curves, arches, towers, mesh, minarets, and stained glass.

The rectangular construction comprises three areas. The central curves of the building are 85 feet high. The main square houses a dome that is 48 feet across and 83 feet in stature. On each side of the curve, there are enormous lobbies with curves that are covered with complicatedly cut stone screens and can hold 600 individuals each. The central dome is joined by four turrets and is adorned with mind-boggling latticework, the most specific elements of the whole design of the Gateway of India. Steps from behind the curve of the Gateway lead straightforwardly into the Arabian Sea. The curve outlines a unique perspective on a field of the Arabian Sea dabbed with fishing boats just as extravagant yachts. The construction is enlightened after sunset giving a great view of the nearby Taj Mahal Palace Hotel and pinnacle.

A sculpture of Chhatrapati Shivaji was initiated on January 26, 1961, inverse the door as an image of Maratha’s pride and greatness. One more statue of Swami Vivekananda is likewise present nearby to praise his excursion from Mumbai to Chicago for the occasion of Parliament on World Religions.

2003 Bombings

August 25, 2003, Mumbai bombings were twin vehicle bombings in the Indian city of Mumbai that killed 54 and harmed 244 individuals. One of the bomb blasts occurred at the Gateway of India, which is a significant vacation destination. The other bomb went off in an adornments market Zaveri Bazaar, close to the Mumba Devi sanctuary in central Mumbai. Both the bombs were planted in stopped taxicabs and detonated during the lunch break. No organization at first asserted liability regarding the assault, yet Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Toiba was faulted for it.

On August 31, 2003, three suspects – Ashrat Ansari, Haneef Sayyed, and his wife Fahmeeda were captured. Every one of the three was indicted and condemned to death in August 2009 by a special POTA court in Mumbai. Afterwards, capital punishment was upheld by the Bombay High Court in February 2012. Haneef was engaged in Dubai, UAE, by Pakistani nationals to vindicate against Muslim mobs in India. His wife helped and picked targets while Ansari established the bomb at Zaveri Bazar. Haneef Sayyed died in February 2019.