Niti Aayog: The Successor of the Planning Commission

Constant development is the law of life and a man who always tries to maintain his dogmas to appear consistent drives himself into a false position.” -Mahatma Gandhi

The Cabinet Resolution, dated 15 March 1950, led to the setting up of the Planning Commission. After 71 years of it, the country has changed from a slacking economy to one of the world’s greatest economies. Indians, by their interests, are progressing beyond expectations and are improving their management systems. They require institutional changes in the organization and a dynamic plan that can yield tremendous positive change. Since Independence, we have been moving in the very right direction for sure. In 1947, the Economic Program Committee (EPC) was outlined by the All-India Congress Committee headed by Nehru. This board was to orchestrate changes in the private and public affiliations and metropolitan and national economies. The Government in 1948 set up the National Planning Committee.

Niti Aayog

On 29 May 2014, Independent Evaluation Office presented a report to Prime Minister Narendra Modi to override the Planning Commission with a “control commission”. The Union Cabinet dismissed the Planning Commission on 13 August 2014 to be superseded with a debilitated transformation of India’s National Advisory Council (NAC). A Cabinet Resolution was passed to supersede the Planning Commission on 01 January 2015, with NITI Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India). Narendra Modi, as the Chairman of NITI Aayog headed its first meeting on 08 February 2015.

Finance Minister Arun Jaitley highlighted the need to establish NITI Aayog, saying that “The 65-year-old Planning Commission had transformed into a futile affiliation. It was huge in the economic structure, yet no more. India has huge diversity, and its states are in different phases of financial improvement alongside their qualities and shortcomings. In this specific circumstance, a ‘one that is compatible to all is needed to deal with monetary arranging is a too old concept. It can’t make India a significant framework in the present overall economy.” It is a restoration plan of the ordinary lifestyles of the people of India.

The NITI Aayog (Policy Commission-National Institution for Transforming India) is a think tank of the Government of India, set up with the necessary resources to achieve acceptable improvement goals with supportive federalism by developing the commitment of State Governments of India in the monetary plan making measure using a granular viewpoint. It consolidates a “15-year scheme”, “7-year vision, methodology, and movement plan”, AMRUT, Digital India, Atal Innovation Mission, Medical Education Reform, Agriculture changes (Model Land Leasing Law, Reforms of the Agricultural Produce Marketing Committee Act, Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index for situating states), Indices Measuring States Performance in Health, Education and Water Management, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Rationalization of Centrally Sponsored Schemes, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Sub-Group of Chief Ministers on Skill Development, Task Forces on Agriculture, Poverty, and Transforming India Lecture Series.

The institutional construction of government has been made and created all through the long haul; this has permitted the advancement of provincial skills, permitting us to expand the particularity of capacities given to establishments. Explicit to the arranging system, there is a need to separate as stimulate the particular ‘cycle’ of administration from the ‘technique of administration. For organization structures, the essential changes of our country feature the prerequisite for setting up an establishment that tasks as a Think Tank of the government – a directional and system dynamo. The proposed foundation needs to significantly give support at the central and state levels, particularly the direction across the scope of key parts of the methodology; this includes matters of public and overall import for the monetary front, dispersal of best practices from inside the country similarly as from various nations, imbuement of new approach thoughts, and explicit issue-based help. The establishment should be proficient in dealing with changing conditions and more organized to the world for which India has one-of-a-kind importance.

Some of the primary objectives as listed in the Cabinet Secretariat Resolution, 2015 states as follows:

  • To advance a typical vision of public improvement needs, regions, and systems with the powerful relationship of States in the light of accomplishing public targets. The vision of the NITI Aayog will then give an underlying ‘public arrangement’ to the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers;
  • To plan indispensable and long stretch technique and program frameworks and endeavors and screen their headway and reasonability. The learnings through noticing and evaluation will be used for making creative improvements, including essential mid-course updates;
  • To keep a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a vault of investigation on incredible organization and best practices in viable and fair progression similarly as help their dissipating to accomplices;
  • To viably screen and survey the execution of tasks and undertaking, including the ID of the necessary resources for invigorating the probability of achievement and degree of movement;
  • To give direction and backing associations between key accomplices and public and worldwide comparative examination associations, similarly as informative and procedure research foundations;

Dr. Rajiv Kumar is Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, in the position and status of a Minister of Cabinet. He additionally occupies the office of Chancellor of Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, Pune. His previous positions in the Government were first with the Ministry of Industry and then with the Ministry of Finance, as Economic Advisor, during the reform periods of 1991-94.