Heritage in Hyderabad: An Introduction to the Golconda Fort


Golconda Fort is possibly the most excellent post complex in Indium, which lies on the western edges around 11km from Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. The historical backdrop of Golconda Fort traces back to the mid-thirteenth century when the Kakatiyas administered this southeastern piece of the nation. The heft of the remains of this fortress date from the hour of the Qutub Shahi kings, who had controlled this region in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The post is based on a stone slope 120 meters high, encircled by enormous crenellated bulwarks.

Golconda Fort made its name an archaeological fortune on the “Rundown of Monuments” by the Archeological Survey of India. This fortress comprises four particular Forts with a 10-kilometre-long wall with 87 half circle strongholds mounted with guns, eight entryways, and four drawbridges. Inside the Fort, a few illustrious condos, lobbies, sanctuaries, mosques, corrals, and so forth Bala Hissar Gate is the fundamental access to the post from the eastern side. The entryway has a painted curve lined by columns of scrollwork. Over the entrance, there is a peacock with resplendent tails. The plan of peacocks is from Hindu engineering that underlies the Hindu beginning of the post.

Golconda was the city of jewel exchange and pearls, which came from many mines. The diamonds were known as the Golconda Diamonds. Golconda has created numerous acclaimed jewels like Koh-I-Noor, Daria-e-Noor, Hope Diamond, Noor-ul-ain, Orlov, Nizam, Jacob (India), and some lost diamonds Florentine Yellow, Akbar Shah, Great Mogul.


Shepherd’s Hill, or ‘Golla Konda,’ known in Telugu, has an intriguing story. In 1143, on the rough slope called ‘Mangalavaram,’ a shepherd kid went over an icon. This was passed on to the Kakatiya ruler, who was deciding around then. The King got a mud post built around the sacred spot, and almost 200 years later, Bahamini rulers (1364) claimed the stronghold. After that, bahamani rulers gradually rose to the noticeable quality of Golconda. Finally, ruler Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk (1487-1543) was shipped off Golconda as a Governor, set up the city as the seat of government in 1501. During this period Bahamani Sultanate was continuously debilitated, and in 1538, Sultan Quli set up the Qutb Shahi Dynasty. The initial three Qutb Shahi Sultans extended the mud stronghold into the current design, an enormous fortress of rock stretching out around 5 kilometres in more than 62 years.

The distinguished standard of the Qutub Shahis at Golconda finished in 1687, with the victory of the Fort by the Mughal sovereign Aurangazeb, who obliterated the fortress and left it in a load of unfortunate remains. It was an 8-month long attack. He drove his military to hold onto the Golconda Fort (the precious stone capital) and home to the Kollur mine. Before this, Aurangzeb and his power vanquished two Muslim realms: Nizamshahi of Ahmadnagar and the Adilshahi of Bijapur. It was inevitable that the Mughal Army assaulted the Golconda Fort. It required eight months to hold onto the Golconda. On different events, it had pushed the Mughal Army as far as possible. The Golconda Fort was the most invulnerable in the Indian subcontinent around then. In any case, at long last, Aurangzeb and Mughals entered the post through a deluded triumph and the Golconda prompted a possible tumble from its greatness. Aurangzeb was alluded to as a “mean-minded coward.”


Golconda comprises four unmistakable posts with a 10km long external wall with 87 half circle strongholds; some are mounted with cannons, eight doors, four drawbridges, and several regal lofts and corridors sanctuaries mosques, magazines, pens, and so forth, inside. The least of these is the peripheral nook we enter by the ‘Fateh Darwaza’ (Victory entryway, alleged after Aurangzeb’s victorious armed force walked in through this door) studded with monster iron spikes (to keep elephants from battering them down) close to the southeastern corner. At Fateh Darwaza can be capable the incredible acoustical impacts, typical of the designing wonders of Golconda. A hand applaud at one point beneath the arch at the entry resonates and can be heard plainly at the ‘Bala Hisar’ structure, the most elevated point right around a kilometre away. This went about as the notice note to occupants in the event of peril; however, presently, it is a simple, exciting redirection to guests.

Of the extraordinary doors, the Balahisar Darwaza is the greatest. Legendary monsters and lions on plasterboards of the spandrels give design on this safeguard entrance. From the Balahisar, Darwaza begins the difficult climb of exactly 380 lopsided stone advances.

The actual construction of the fortress is spread out in a succession of nooks that holds the general population and regulatory designs to the illustrious homes and lobbies. The morgue showers lie to one side of the porch. The batteries were intended for the expired eminence and collection of mistresses women who were given the formal shower before internment outside the Banjara Gate. Nagina Bagh, presently incomplete vestiges, exists in a fenced-in area.

The climb of 380 stages at long last finishes at the Balahisar Baradari, a desolate structure, twelve-angled, triple-storeyed construction utilized as a durbar lobby. Great docks isolate it into vaulted coves; a raised chamber with triple curves opens off the back wall. On the highest porch stands a lofty stone position. Far away in the slopes, a structure is accepted to have housed Taramati, Abul Hasan’s lover. The Baradari shows one more designing wonder – standard cooling given by a hole in the twofold walls, which sucks the air and deliveries it with aggregated strain in the chambers.

Steep, tight advances slide to the zenana quarters – Rani Mahal. Based on monstrous stages, these royal residences had high roofs and walls covered with ornamental specialities, nooks, and mouldings, basically Persian in the plan. The tall wooden segments, presently lost, uncover the exposed construction of the triple vaulted lobby. Sensitive arabesques in the roundels over the side curves establish the rich ornamentation on plaster. The Rani Mahal in its primes contained a universe of extravagance envied by the great Mughals themselves.

Diamond Capital

For more than 2,000 years, India was the leading known wellspring of jewels on the planet. By the eighteenth century, nonetheless, supply was coming up short, and extensive assets were needed to enter further in the stone, which given the simple mining strategies of that time, demonstrated testing. The revelation of Natural Diamonds in Brazil in the eighteenth century, followed by South Africa in the nineteenth century, proceeded with the progression of these valuable jewels to the depositories of Indian realms. The ideal model is the Jacob jewel, the fourth biggest on the planet, weighing 184 Carats, which hailed from South Africa and was unexpectedly procured by the Nizam of Hyderabad, whose realm was once the biggest provider of diamonds worldwide.

Nizam Mir Mahbub Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VI, was offered the Jacob Diamond by Alexander Malcolm Jacob. Nizam Mir Mahbub Ali Khan.In part committed to Golconda, Tavernier shares his experience of visiting the realm in the mid-seventeenth century, “Bhāgnagar is the name of the capital town of this realm; however, it is normally called Golconda, from the name of the fort, which is just two coss/kos (6.15 Km) far off from it and is the home of the King.” He further clarifies how before arriving at the town, you navigate through a suburb where every one of the shippers, merchants, and artisans stay. “The town is possessed simply by individuals of value, officials of the ruler’s home, pastors of equity, and military men. From ten or eleven AM to four or five PM, the dealers and specialists come into the town to exchange with unfamiliar vendors.”

This disclosure later prompted further investigation revealing incredible stones, for example, ‘The Great Mogul,’ weighing 796 carats in its unique unpleasant condition. During Tarvernier’s visit, the mine utilized 60,000 labourers. Finally, after thirty years, the Earl of Marshal of England’s record clarified how the most precious stone mines found in India were not being worked, with jewels coming basically from the Golconda and Visapour regions.

Till today, the majority of income from any jewel mine comes from a trim level of top-grade material. To track down that elusive quality, notwithstanding, an enormous volume of the metal requires extraction. Marshal’s record clarifies why a significant number of the top-quality diamonds came from the Golconda locale, accomplishing incredible status because of their excellent clear quality and being the primary source around then for Type IIA jewels. Type IIA jewels contain no quantifiable hint of Nitrogen (answerable for the yellow touch in precious stones) and are profoundly esteemed. They encapsulate the ideal blend of excellence with extraordinariness as the business assesses that under 1% of colourless diamonds are Type IIA.