An Introduction to South Africa

South Africa is very well known for its ethnic and cultural diversity. Amongst black South Africans, a considerable number of rural inhabitants lead largely impoverished lives. The majority of South Africans speak English to some extent of proficiency, additionally to their native language, with English acting as a inter-language in commerce, education, and government. South Africa has eleven official languages, but other indigenous languages also are spoken by smaller groups, chiefly Khoisan languages. The discoveries of diamonds and gold within the nineteenth century had a profound effect on the fortunes of the region, propelling it onto the global stage and introducing a shift faraway from an exclusively agrarian-based economy towards industrialization and therefore the development of urban infrastructure. The discoveries also led to new conflicts culminating in open warfare between the Boer settlers with the British Empire , fought essentially for control over the nascent South African mining industry.

Following the defeat of the Boers within the Anglo-Boer or South African War (1899–1902), the Union of Republic of South Africa was created as a self-governing dominion of the British Empire on 31 May 1910 in accordance with the South Africa Act of 1909 which amalgamated the four previously separate British colonies, namely the Cape Colony, the Colony of Natal, the Transvaal Colony, and the Orange River Colony. The country became a completely sovereign nation state within the British Empire in 1934. The monarchy came to an ending on 31 May 1961, replaced by a republic as a consequence of a 1960 referendum, which legitimized the country becoming the Republic of South Africa . The oldest art objects within the world were discovered inside a South African cave. Dating from 75,000 years ago, these small drilled snail shells could have had no other function than to have been strung on a string as a necklace. South Africa was one amongst the cradles of the human species. Several important scientific and technological developments have originated in the Republic of South Africa. The primary human-to- human heart transplant was performed by cardiac surgeon in South Africa . the foremost popular sports in South Africa are soccer , rugby, and cricket. Other sports with a lot of support are field hockey, swimming, athletics, golf, boxing, tennis, and netball. South Africa is a great tourist destination and therefore the industry accounts for a considerable amount of the country’s revenue. The country offers both domestic and international tourists a large range of options, among others the picturesque natural landscape and game reserves, diverse cultural heritage and highly regarded wines. Many of the important famous destinations include many national park like the expansive Kruger National Park situated in the north of the country, the coastlines and beaches of the KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape provinces, and also the major cities like Cape Town , Johannesburg and Durban. The 2010 Fifa World Cup is an example of a more successful route by South Africa to expand tourism and influence the country positively. Primarily, the event helped to boost South Africa’s global brand, reputation and image. One among the prime objectives in South Africa’s aim to host such events was to positively influence its national identity and erase the negative image of apartheid set forth before the nation’s gradual shift to become the self-proclaimed “Rainbow Nation.”

Other samples of tourism positively benefitting South Africa; generally have an underlying theme of supporting the cohesion of the country following years of separation on the basis of race. Some common examples of the country reinventing itself through the tourism industry include: the Apartheid Museum in Johannesburg, District Six Museum in Cape Town , and former prisons changed into powerful museums like Constitution Hill and Robben Island which now attract many tourists per annum.

It is ranked sixth out of the world’s seventeen megadiverse countries from around the world world. South Africa is home to a massive diversity of animal life. Among the big mammals found in and around the northern part include lions, leopards, cheetahs, white rhinoceroses, blue wildebeest, kudus, impalas, hyenas, hippopotamuses and giraffes. A major extent of the region extends to the north-east, including the Kruger National Park, which is one of the most important game reserves in Africa, and also the Sabi Sand Game Reserve. A total of ten South African locations are inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List, including the iSimangaliso Wetland Park and uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park in KwaZulu-Natal.

There are five Cultural World Heritage Sites, four Natural World Heritage Sites and 1 mixed World Heritage Site.

The region is additionally home to almost 80 percent of the world’s rhino population. The country is especially rich in plant diversity, with a large range of biomes found across the country. It is definitely an excellent country to visit at least once in a lifetime.